After a huge gap of 34 years finally, GOI changes its Education policy for School and Higher Education. First education policy comes into play in 1968 under the prime ministership of Indira Gandhi, then in 1986 under the leadership of Rajiv Gandhi and now in 2020 under the prime ministership of Narendra Modi.
According to the various educational experts, there are several loopholes in the Indian Education System. Like Indian education system does not focus on experimental and practical learning.
This time our government tries to make New Education Policy in such a way that it will have more focus on experimental learning but more changes needed.
There are a lot of major changes made in this policy like removal of 10+2 system, Common entrance test for multidisciplinary programs, removal of M.Phil., various exit and entry option in degree courses……..
What is 5+3+3+4 Design:-
The New Education Policy of India has made mandatory education for all the children from age groups of 3-18 years, previously it is for the age group of 6-14 years under the scheme of Sarv-Shiksha-Abhiyan.
NEP pitches a new design 5+3+3+4 for to the age groups of 3-8 years, 8-11 years, 11-14 years, and 14-18 years respectively.
The mid deal meal scheme of govt. also extended till pre-schooling. After the implementation of this policy, every child has 11 years of schooling and 4 years of the graduation program.
Highlights of 5+3+3+4 Programme:-
1.Reduction in the syllabus:-
Under this scheme, there are 10 compulsory bagless days for kids. In this period they have to complete a non-formal internship. The syllabus is also going to reduce after the implementation of this new design.
2. Low stakes on board exams:-
Your parents are always worried about board examinations. A board exam is a big fear for every school going student. But in NEP every student has to give a board exam twice. Like the JEE Mains conducted for admission in technical UG courses which is also conducted twice a year.
The first one to judge you and the next to improve your performance. Likewise, the board exam also conducted twice a year, suppose a student does not get good marks in the first attempt due to any reason, then he/she will have another chance to perform well.
New evaluation methodology in exams is also comes into play after the implementation of the New Education Policy. In which students are assessed on the basis marks obtained in various subjects.
3. Coding from grade 6:-
Education ministry is planning to add coding in the syllabus form grade 6. This is one of the most beneficial steps taken in NEP.
Read this article to know about the need of digital india.
4. No discrimination among Science, Commerce, Arts:-
In NEP every student has the option to choose the subjects of his/her choice just after grade 8.
E.g. if a particular student has a good command in physics but don’t like Chemistry and maths then he/she can take other subjects like economics, sociology, history, business, etc. depends on his/her choice.
5. Importance to mother tongue:-
In new education policy more importance is given to mother tongue and regional languages. It is clarified by the education ministry that students will taught in the mother tongue up to fifth grade.
What is the Common Entrance Exam:-
In NEP there is a common entrance test conducted by NTA ( National testing Agency) for admission in various colleges. There is no need to give different types of exams for admission in different colleges.
The score obtained by the students is only valid for admission in Undergraduates Courses.
More information about Common entrance Exam:-
There is no official statement made regarding the syllabus of the Common Entrance Exam, but according to experts the syllabus is more likely similar to an exam like SAT (Standardised Aptitude Test). And the syllabus is common for students of different choice of subjects.
2. When it will implemented:-
There are a lot of steps need to taken, discussion with state governments also going on, but if we have an optimistic approach then from 2021 or 2022 it may begin.
No UGC, AICTE, NCTE, a new department will formed to implemented all take responsibility to look over the new graduation system, named the Higher Education Commission of India.
People are talking about the entrance exams like JEE mains and Advanced, AIIMS, NEET will they vanish? No, Not at all these examinations are not going anywhere.
All about New UG course:-
After the implementation of four years graduation program for different fields, there are various entry and exit options for the students.
After the successful completion of one year of graduation, you will be given a certificate, after two years of completing a diploma certificate is provided and after three years you will be awarded a graduate degree.
In the final year, you have to do some research work related to your field, which is not compulsory.
Due to any circumstance in which anyone is not able to complete his four years graduation program then he/she can start it again from where he/she stops it.
Discontinuation of M.Phil:
Over the years, M.Phil is losing is its importance. M.phil is a middle program between UG and Ph.D. According to the drafts of New Education Policy M.Phil program will be discountinued. After the completion of four years of successful graduation, students are able to do P.Hd.
Role of Foreign universities:-
The Indian government also opens the door for foreign universities to start their programs in India. But the rules and follow up process yet to made.
They had not decided yet on what basis foreign universities started their degree programs and which universities can start.
But govt may look over the top 100 universities to start their courses in India.
The top 100 universities selected based on world ranking made by considering various factors.
It is good news for those who want to study in universities of the UK, the USA, Singapore, Germany but due to various reasons they are unable to do so. But when the foreign universities started their campuses in India this may give a boost to the development in the education field.
How and when all these Implemented:-
The government of India is planning to implement this new education policy by the year 2021 but there are various things in the pipeline which may take a certain time for implementation.
Moreover, GOI plans to start four years degree course by 2021 in central universities and by 2022 in other universities.
According to the history of implementation of any policies made by any government took time. So, it is a hurry to say anything about when the New Education Policy is implemented completely.
For the implementation of new education policy both central and all states government need to work together. However, the central government is planning to start various departments that work only on this system, like HECI, PARAKH.
Extra points covered in NEP:-
- Education sector to 6% of GDP earlier it was 1.7%
- Various new provisions for children with disabilities.
- By the end of 2030, it is compulsory to have 4 years of experience in teaching with an integrated B.Ed degree.
- Dedicated unit for digital and online learning.
- The government will plan free boarding facilities for Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya.
- Ministry of defense also opens the windows for NCC wings in higher secondary schools to encourage the students.
National Education Policy is compulsory or not:-
NEP is a policy not law so it is not compulsory for the state govt. to follow this.
Things missed in NEP:-
1. Outdated Syllabus:-
We are learning form outdated syllabus from very long time. In other countries like USA, UK, Germany they focus on practical learning and skill development child.
Education experts always says that our syllabus is completely outdated, a forward need to taken and syllabus must be designed to the level of international boards.
2. Quality of teachers:-
Teachers plays a vital role in development of every child. We always complained about teachers and their teaching skills.
Especially, in government schools anyone with B.Ed. degree and with zero skills can start their teaching career and it is by chance not by choice.
There are some other loopholes which need to filled under this policy but not.
If things are implemented well then then we see a major change in our education system. There were more than 100 meetings before the draft made. MHRD made great efforts to enhance our education system.
The government also mentioned under the New Education Policy that they have separate teachers training programs for teachers, which is also good news.
Because the teachers play the may the main role in the development of a child. Most of the things are really good in this policy but everything is never correct.
I Hope that, Changes mentioned in NEP not go into vein because there were many policies made in past on paper but not yet implemented.
For more quires related to NEP feel free to ask
click here for official site of education department.